Spring MVC: Resources

Spring MVC resources

One of the most frequent questions which I receive from my blog readers is how to use css and javascript files in application with Spring MVC. So it’s a good opportunity to write an article about usage of resources in Spring MVC. As usually I will use java based configuration approach.

In a nowadays it’s hard to imagine web-application which doesn’t has css and javascript files. In what way Spring MVC can deal with them? Where to place these files in a dynamic web project? How to get access to static resources? I will try to explain all this in a few minutes.

Firstly you need to have some css or javascript file which you want to plug into a project. In my example I’m going to use a main.css file:

Spring-MVC-resources-1

Look carefully where I have placed the file (src\main\webapp\resources\css\main.css). After this I can continue with java configuration file.

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
...
public class WebAppConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {
	
	@Override
	public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
		registry.addResourceHandler("/resources/**").addResourceLocations("/resources/");
	}
...

Above you can see the code snippet which shows how to modify a configuration class to make resources available. In our case a role of resources plays just one main.css file. Let’s consider what’s going on in the following code:

...
	@Override
	public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
		registry.addResourceHandler("/resources/**").addResourceLocations("/resources/");
	}
...

Here I declare a mapping of src\main\webapp\resources folder and all its content to a resource location value /resources/

After this manipulations you can access css and javascript files in Spring MVC. Here are some example of usage:

If I want to apply main.css to url: www.mysite.com/index.html, I need to use following construction in HTML code:

< link href="resources/css/main.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/ >

If I want to apply main.css to url: www.mysite.com/some/location.html, I need to use following construction in HTML code:

< link href="../resources/css/main.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/ >

These two examples are clear enough to understand how to work with Spring MVC resources. In the following posts I will demonstrate resource usage in Spring MVC project.

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